Friday, October 24, 2014

The Cab Ride

I arrived at the address and honked the horn.
After waiting a few minutes I walked to the door and knocked.
'Just a minute', answered a frail, elderly voice.
I could hear something being dragged across the floor..
After a long pause, the door opened.
A small woman in her 90's stood before me.
She was wearing a print dress and a pillbox hat with a veil pinned on it, like somebody out of a 1940's movie.
By her side was a small nylon suitcase. The apartment looked as if no one had lived in it for years. All the furniture was covered with sheets.
There were no clocks on the walls, no knickknacks or utensils on the counters.
In the corner was a cardboard box filled with photos and glassware.
'Would you carry my bag out to the car?' she said. I took the suitcase to the cab, then returned to assist the woman.
She took my arm and we walked slowly toward the curb.
She kept thanking me for my kindness.
'It's nothing', I told her.. 'I just try to treat my passengers the way I would want my mother to be treated.'
'Oh, you're such a good boy, she said. When we got in the cab, she gave me an address and then asked, 'Could you drive through downtown?'
'It's not the shortest way,' I answered quickly..
'Oh, I don't mind,' she said. 'I'm in no hurry. I'm on my way to a hospice.
I looked in the rear-view mirror.
Her eyes were glistening. 'I don't have any family left,' she continued in a soft voice.. 'The doctor says I don't have very long.'
I quietly reached over and shut off the meter.
'What route would you like me to take?' I asked.
For the next two hours, we drove through the city. She showed me the building where she had once worked as an elevator operator.
We drove through the neighborhood where she and her husband had lived when they were newlyweds She had me pull up in front of a furniture warehouse that had once been a ballroom where she had gone dancing as a girl.
Sometimes she'd ask me to slow in front of a particular building or corner and would sit staring into the darkness, saying nothing.
As the first hint of sun was creasing the horizon, she suddenly said,
'I'm tired. Let's go now'.
We drove in silence to the address she had given me.
It was a low building, like a small convalescent home, with a driveway that passed under a portico.
Two orderlies came out to the cab as soon as we pulled up.
They were solicitous and intent, watching her every move.
They must have been expecting her.
I opened the trunk and took the small suitcase to the door.
The woman was already seated in a wheelchair.
'How much do I owe you?' She asked, reaching into her purse.
'Nothing,' I said
'You have to make a living,' she answered.
'There are other passengers,' I responded.
Almost without thinking, I bent and gave her a hug. She held onto me tightly.
'You gave an old woman a little moment of joy,' she said.
'Thank you.'
I squeezed her hand, and then walked into the dim morning light.. Behind me, a door shut. It was the sound of the closing of a life...
I didn't pick up any more passengers that shift. I drove aimlessly lost in thought.
For the rest of that day, I could hardly talk. What if that woman had gotten an angry driver, or one who was impatient to end his shift?
What if I had refused to take the run, or had honked once, then driven away?
On a quick review, I don't think that I have done anything more important in my life.
We're conditioned to think that our lives revolve around great moments.
But great moments often catch us unaware-beautifully wrapped in what others may consider a small one.
PEOPLE MAY NOT REMEMBER EXACTLY WHAT YOU DID, OR WHAT YOU SAID ~BUT~THEY WILL
ALWAYS REMEMBER HOW YOU MADE THEM FEEL.

The above was posted by Joe Sebastian on FB

Kejriwal’s Swaraj new bestseller in market; 1.5 lakh copies sold

Kejriwal’s book ‘Swaraj’ has been selling like hot cakes in the city ever since he formed the Delhi government on December 28, 2013. The total copies of the books sold stand at 1.5 lakh — a figure that puts it in country’s list of bestsellers. A book selling 10,000 copies is qualified as a bestseller.
The best pointer towards a book’s popularity is when it starts being sold from pavements and by roadside hawkers. The pavement bookstalls that line the inner circle of Connaught Place display it prominently.  “We get a lot queries about the book and it is selling a lot off late. As it is quite affordable at Rs. 150, customers don’t think much before buying it,” said Vikas Kumar, a pavement bookseller.
At the famous Sunday book market at Daryaganj, Swaraj is displayed in the dozens, vying for space with popular writers such as Chetan Bhagat and Amish Tripathi apart from used books that the market is known for.  The book is sold for Rs. 100 here and the usually bargain friendly sellers don’t budge when asked for a discount.
“Almost every person asks about the book but we don’t sell it for anything less than Rs. 100. The demand for the book has spiralled in the last few months and we let customers looking for discounts go as there is no dearth of buyers for this book,” said Javed, who has been selling used books for years.
A store manager at the Oxford bookstore in Connaught Place said the number of queries for Swaraj has certainly gone up but refused to divulge the figure of exact increase in sales.
“We published the book on September 27, 2012 and for a year the sale was good. In the last six months, however, we have seen a huge increase in demand,” said Sameer Mahale, National Sales Manager at HarperCollins Publishers. “In the first year, we had sold 25,000 English versions and 40,000 Hindi versions of the book. In the last six months we have sold 30,000 of the English and 60,000 Hindi versions, taking the total number to more than 1.5 lakh,” Mahale said.
He said while the demand initially was from Delhi and north India, orders are now being placed from west and south India too.
Mahale said Kejriwal didn’t take any royalty for the book as he wanted it to be affordable. The book, however, had run into controversy after Noida based author Ajay Pal Nagar filed a court case of plagiarism against Kejriwal.
Chetan Bhagat write imaginary stories.
Arvind writes from the heart to improve India.
Chetan Bhagat gets royalty on his books.
Arvind does not take any royalty.
Chetan Bhagat oils Modi.
Arvind respects India and wants to improve her.
When a man goes to great lengths to achieve his dreams, breaking down barriers and overcoming obstacles, the world usually applauds him. He is praised and supported, revered and written about. 

But one man, replete with the admirable qualities we love to see in others and in ourselves, found himself being abhorred by history. 

Typecast into the role of villain, his brilliance all but forgotten, Ravana became the embodiment of evil. 

When I first heard the Ramayana story as a child, two things were very clear to me. In the painfully simplistic black and white world of a five-year old, Rama is the hero. Ravana is the villain. 

I wanted to grow up to be like Rama, and avoid being like Ravana at all cost. 

And yet, today, after years and education have coloured in the spaces between my black and white childhood, it occurred to me to go back and re-interpret these certainties, and I found that against all odds, I have perhaps as much Ravana in me as Rama, and I find him intriguing. 


He valued a good education, and went out of his way to get it

Ravana was learned. Extraordinarily so. In fact, some say his ten heads represent his great learning, the fact that he had knowledge of the six shastras and four Vedas. 

I have always been a big fan of education, I've traveled the world to study in many different places, I want to get a Phd someday, and I still wouldn't catch up to him in learning. 

Even Rama addressed him as Maha Brahman (the great Brahman) in deference to his learning, then who was I to think of him as just a rakshasa

Shouldn't Ravana be an inspiration to me? His dedication to learning inspires me to learn more. 

He was relentless in his pursuit of his passion

He was an over-achiever, who was willing to make great sacrifices for his dreams. 

When he was in tapasya, the story says he cut off his head ten times to please Shiva, and each time a new head grew so he could continue his tapasya

He was a man that conquered all odds, who chased big dreams, and was not afraid to get up after he had fallen down. When I hit a stumbling block, and fall over, I find it difficult to get up. Ego and knees bruised I often contemplate giving up. 

And yet, people such as him are the inspiration that get me back up again, because perseverance is a quality I greatly admire and aspire to. 

He was a benevolent ruler who cared for his people

In Lanka, Ravana was a generous and enabling ruler. He ruled wisely and was beloved by the people of Lanka, who flourished under him. In fact, he is still revered as a benevolent lord in some parts of the world. 

Of the qualities that I aim to adopt as a leader, the first and most important one to me has always been benevolence. I want to be generous with what I know and enable those around me to grow. 

With all these great qualities, Ravana, who seemed destined to become a wise and powerful ruler, somehow ended up playing the villain's role in the mainstream narrative of the story. 

If I espouse the same beliefs and aim for the same qualities that he has, what then can make me different from him? What can make my journey and my destiny different from his? How can I make sure to go down in history as a Rama, and avoid the fate of the brilliant Ravana? 

The answer, I believe, lies in the one mistake, the fatal flaw, of Ravana that led to his downfall. A mistake we can choose to avoid. 

Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely 

Ravana succumbed to the allure of his own achievements. He began to believe that he was better than anyone, that he was invincible, in fact, even that he could be immortal. He was infected with the vilest disease of all, arrogance. 

When he thought he was being insulted, his arrogance flared up. Kind of like mine does when I feel embarrassed or belittled by somebody. 'How dare he?' I have found myself thinking. 'Who the hell does he think he is, talking to me like that.' 

Overcome by his own power and confidence, believing he could not be defeated, and succumbing to an over-inflated ego, Ravana made one fatally wrong decision: to take revenge. 

Revenge, as is often proven by our history and literature, ends up causing the downfall of the one blinded by its venom. 

But as bad as revenge is, it's a natural human instinct. And I, for one, have felt its siren call as well. When I am insulted, I think about lashing out. Hurting someone, with my words, even actions. I have dreamt up scenarios where someone I am angry with gets hurt, or falls on their face in public. I remember feeling embarrassingly pleased when someone I was annoyed with had their laptop stolen by an auto-driver in Cambodia! 

There it is. The Ravana that lives within me. That Ravana that lives maybe within all of us. The pettiness and vengefulness that is fed by arrogance. 

You can choose your destiny 

And that's where my story can diverge from his. Lying within each one of us is the possibility of greatness, the potential to achieve great good, or great evil. 

Ravana had achieved great things, through his learning, through his devotion, through his leadership, but the more powerful he became the more he was corrupted by arrogance. It was this arrogance that led him to defy gods and start pointless wars, until led by his ego he ended up slain by the arrow of a man, much humbler in his own power, and therefore, a God, Rama. 

And which one we end up with is a choice we make. Whether you want to be a Rama or a Ravana, a *deva or a rakshasa, both possibilities lie within you, and are in your control of your destiny. 

And control starts with your thoughts. We may think thoughts are harmless, after all they are just in our head. But as one ancient quote teaches us: 


    Watch your thoughts; they become words;

    Watch your words; they become actions;

    Watch your actions; they become habit;

    Watch your habits; they become character;

    Watch your character; it becomes your destiny.

Recognizing your thoughts, and rising above them, controlling them, therein lies your destiny. Quelling the arrogance within and submitting to the humility of your humanity. 

So choose humility. Accepting that you are not perfect, that you are not better than anyone, that you are a work in progress with the possibility to keep growing as a person everyday. 

As one of the greatest writers that ever lived, Leo Tolstoy, wrote: 

"An arrogant person considers himself perfect. This is the chief harm of arrogance. It interferes with a person's main task in life-becoming a better person." 

Instead of living day after day blissfully ignorant of the ego that lies within you, stopping you from becoming the god that you can be, this Diwali use the lamps glittering on windowsills across the country to shine a light inside you. Discover what lies within you, and begin your own journey to your destiny - to replace arrogance with humility, Ravana with Rama, and darkness with light. 

Happy Diwali! 

*god or demon 


The above has been written by Anisha Virji in Common Sense Living by Mark Ford

New Haryana government will probe Vadra land deal, BJP leader says

CHANDIGARH: Haryana's new BJP government would investigate the controversial land deal involving Congress chief Sonia Gandhi's son-in-law Robert Vadra and the DLF in Gurgaon. 

"We will inquire into all land scams including the one involving Vadra land deal. We will also see whether the law was violated in acquiring land for different projects during (the previous) Hooda government," said BJP leader Anil Vij. Union minister Ravi Shankar Prasad had earlier promised that the BJP would order probe into the Vadra cases if the party was voted to power. 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi too had raised the Vadra land deal during poll rallies and urged the Election Commission (EC) to look into it. 

The EC had found that the deal was legalized before the model code was enforced, but that did not matter. Modi's oratory ensured that the Rs 58-crore deal between Vadra's Skylight Hospitality and DLF in Gurgaon becomes the biggest symbol of Congress misrule in Haryana. Earlier, sources had said the new government is likely to cancel the three-acre deal in Shikhopur village that brought allegations of corruption to the doorstep of 10 Janpath and shook the foundations of UPA-2 ahead of the Lok Sabha elections.


What was that about fooling the people.
It seems the BJP can fool all the people all the time.
Remember, the BJP government in Rajasthan had promised that they would enquire into all the land acquired by Robert Vadra, if the BJP came into power and would rescind the privileges given to him. Both these promises came to a big ZERO.
We can expect the same in Haryana.

BJP and INC fail to submit Lok Sabha Election Expense Details in time to the ECI, Despite ECI Reminders



New Delhi: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Indian National Congress (INC) are the only two National Parties which have not yet submitted details of the expenditure incurred by the parties ​during the Lok Sabha 2014 elections ​to the Election Commission of India (ECI). Among the recognised regional parties, only 24 parties out of a total of 49 parties have submitted their Lok Sabha election expenditure statements at the time of this release.

Supreme Court Judgement regarding submission of Election Expenditure Statements by Political Parties
The Supreme Court of India, in its judgement of Common Cause Vs. Union of India, dated 4th April, 1996, had stated “…the political parties shall submit to the Election Commission, for its scrutiny, the details of the expenditure incurred or authorized by the parties in connection with the election of their respective candidates.” The Supreme Court also stated that the ECI would be justified in asking political parties to file an account of their expenditure incurred or authorised by the parties in connection with the election of its candidates during the course of elections.

Time Period within which Election Expenditure details should be submitted to the ECI
Hence, the ECI stipulated a time period of 90 days within which all National and Recognised parties need to submit the expenditure the parties incurred during Lok Sabha elections. As the results of the Lok Sabha elections were declared on 16th May, 2014, the parties should have filed their expenditure statements on or before
​ 14th of August 2014.​
​ 
​​ECI issues Notices to defaulting Parties
According to a note on the website of the ECI, as of 8th September, 2014INC, BJP and CPI were the three defaulting National Parties along with 46 regional parties which had not filed their statements of election expenditure to the Commission.
Contents of Expenditure Statement
The expenditure statement contains details of the total amount received as funds in the form of cash, cheques and demand drafts and the total amount spent under the following heads at the central, state, district and constituency levels by the party:
·               Party propaganda
·         Travel expenses
·         Publicity expenses
·         Other expenses
·               Expenses on candidates
Political parties are required to submit these statements providing information of funds collected and spent between announcement and completion of elections.
ECI also sent reminders to Parties that defaulted in their expenditure submission regarding Assembly Elections held earlier
similar note* dated 20th May, 2014, available on the website of the ECI, lists 9 recognised parties (National and Regional parties) which had defaulted on filing their expenditure statements during earlier elections, as under:

Name of the defaulting political party
Assembly Elections
Due date for submission of the election expenditure statement
AIADMK
Karnataka Assembly Elections, 2013
22-07-2013
BJP
Karnataka Assembly Elections, 2013
22-07-2013
Chhattisgarh, MP, Mizoram Rajasthan, Delhi Assembly Elections, 2013
24-02-2014
CPI
Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura Assembly Elections, 2013
17-05-2013
IUML
Karnataka Assembly Elections, 2013
22-07-2013
JD(S)
Karnataka Assembly Elections, 2013
22-07-2013
NPP
Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura Assembly Elections, 2013
17-05-2013
Chhattisgarh, MP, Mizoram Rajasthan, Delhi Assembly Elections, 2013
24-02-2014
RJD
Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura Assembly Elections, 2013
17-05-2013
UDP
Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura Assembly Elections, 2013
17-05-2013
ZNP
Chhattisgarh, MP, Mizoram Rajasthan, Delhi Assembly Elections, 2013
24-02-2014
                                                  Source: Election Commission of India 

ECI: Unrecognised parties would be required to submit election expenses details
For the first time since the above quoted judgement of the Supreme Court, the ECI has asked the unrecognised parties, which contested in the Lok Sabha elections, 2014, to file their expenditure statements. Out of a total of 419 unrecognised parties which contested, 17 parties have submitted details of expenditure so far.

Recommendations of ADR
While it is crucial for political parties to submit their expenditure statements for greater financial transparency, it is equally important to file the same within the time limit set by the ECI and endorsed by the Supreme Court of India. The National and Regional Parties should, ideally, lead by example by filing complete and correct statements of expenditure to the ECI well in time for public scrutiny so as to encourage financial transparency. 


​Regards
Media and Journalist Helpline

+91 80103 94248
Email: adr@adrindia.org
Maj.Gen Anil Verma (Retd)
Head
National Election Watch,               
Association for Democratic Reforms

011 4165 4200, 
+91 88264 79910
adr@adrindia.org,
anilverma@adrindia.org
Prof Jagdeep Chhokar
IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)
Founder Member,
National Election Watch, Association for Democratic 
Reforms

+91 99996 20944
jchhokar@gmail.com
Prof Trilochan Sastry
IIM Bangalore
Founder Member,
National Election Watch,
Association for Democratic Reforms

+91 94483 53285
trilochans@iimb.ernet.in
​​

-- 
Association for Democratic Reforms
T-95A, C.L. House, 1st Floor,
(Near Gulmohar Commercial Complex)
Gautam Nagar
New Delhi-110 049

M: +91 8010394248 
T: +91 11 41654200
F: 011 4609 4248

Monday, October 20, 2014

Analysis of Criminal Background, Financial, Education, Gender and other details of Winners


​Haryana Election Watch (HEW) and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of all the 90 winners in the Haryana Asembly 2014 Elections. English Report is attached with the mail and the Hindi Report would be uploaded on the website subsequently.

Final Party Positions
Party
Won
Bharatiya Janata Party
47
Indian National Lok Dal
19
Indian National Congress
15
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)
2
Bahujan Samaj Party
1
Shiromani Akali Dal
1
Independents
5
Total
90
Criminal Background
  • Winners with Criminal Cases: Out of the 90 winners, (10%) winners have declared criminal cases against themselves. Out of 88 winners analysed duringHaryana Assembly 2009 elections15 (17%) winners had declared criminal cases against themselves. There has been a decrease in the percentage and number of winners in Haryana with declared criminal cases.
  • Winners with Serious Criminal Cases: 5 (6%) winners have declared serious criminal cases in their affidavits. Out of 88 winners analysed during 2009 Haryana Assembly elections13 (15%) winners have declared serious criminal cases. There has been a decrease in the percentage and number of winners in Haryana with declared serious criminal cases.
  • Party wise Winners with Criminal Cases: (11%) out of 47 winners from BJP, 1 (7%) out of 15 winners from INC, 2 (11%) out of 19 winners from INLD and 1 (50%) out of 2 winners from HJC(BL) have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
  • Party wise Winners with Serious Criminal Cases: (4%) out of 47 winners analysed from BJP, 1 (5%) out of 19 winners from INLD, 1 (7%) out of 15 winners from INC and 1 (50%) out of 2 winners from HJC(BL) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
Inline image 1
​Financial Background
  • Crorepati WinnersOut of the 90 winners analysed, 75 (83%) are crorepatis. Out of 88 winners analysed during Haryana Assembly 2009 elections66 (75%) winners were crorepatis.
  • Party-wise Crorepati Winners: 40 (85%) out of 47 winners from BJP14 (93%) out of 15 winners in INC13 (68%) out of 19 winners in INLD, both HJC(BL)winners and all five Independent winners have declared assets worth more than Rs. 1 crore.
Inline image 2
  • Chances of Winning for Crorepati Candidates: The chances of winning for a crorepati candidate in the Haryana Assembly 2014 elections are 13% whereas for a candidate with low assets (
  • Candidates Asset Position and Chances of Winning: 57 winners (63%) occupy top three highest asset positions in their respective constituency. 24(27%)winners have the highest declared assets in their constituency. 19 (21%) winners have the second highest declared assets in their constituency and 14 (16%) winners have the third highest declared assets in their constituency.
Inline image 3
  • Average Assets: The average assets per winner for Haryana 2014 Assembly Elections are Rs. 12.97 crores whereas the average asset for each candidate was Rs. 4.38 croresIn 2009 the average assets per winner of 88 winners analysed was Rs. 6.71 crores
​​
Inline image 4
  • Party-wise Average Assets: Among major parties, the average assets per winner for 47 BJP winners is Rs 10.50 crores19 INLD winners have average assets ofRs.13.01 crores, 15 INC winners have average assets worth of Rs.12.45 crores and 5 Independent winners have average assets of Rs. 13.95 crores.
  • High Asset Winners*: 7 winners have declared more than Rs.50 crores worth of assets. The top three winners with highest assets are given below:
S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Movable Assets (Rs)
Immovable Assets (Rs)
Total Assets (Rs)
PAN Given
1
Vipul Goyal
Faridabad
Faridabad
BJP
62,95,89,881
43,67,52,731
1,06,63,42,612
 106 Crore+
Y
2
Kuldeep Bishnoi
Hisar
Adampur
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)
64,74,38,575
15,38,28,109
80,12,66,684
 80 Crore+
Y
3
Renuka Bishnoi
Hisar
Hansi
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)
64,74,38,575
15,38,28,109
80,12,66,684
 80 Crore+
Y
​​
*Total Assets includes income of self, spouse and dependents.
  • Winners with High Liabilities: A total of 15 winners have declared liabilities of Rs. 1 crore and above. Out of these 15 winners, 5 have declared liabilities of Rs. 10 crore and above. Five winners with the highest declared liabilities are as given below:

S.No.
Name
District
Constituency
Party Name
Total Assets(Rs)
Liabilities (Rs)
PAN Given
1
Vipul Goyal
Faridabad
Faridabad
BJP
1,06,63,42,612
 106 Crore+
43,94,29,153
 43 Crore+
Y
2
Ravinder Machhrouli
Panipat
Samalkha
IND
31,70,57,573
 31 Crore+
14,45,34,753
 14 Crore+
Y
3
Smt. Rohita Revari
Panipat
Panipat City
BJP
8,97,92,177
 8 Crore+
10,45,63,000
 10 Crore+
Y
4
Kuldeep Bishnoi
Hisar
Adampur
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)
80,12,66,684
 80 Crore+
10,40,02,005
 10 Crore+
Y
5
Renuka Bishnoi
Hisar
Hansi
Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)
80,12,66,684
 80 Crore+
10,40,02,005
 10 Crore+
Y
  • Winners with High Income as declared in ITR*: 7 winners have declared total annual income of more than Rs. 1 crore. The top three winners with highest declared total annual income are given below:

S.No.
Name
Party Name
Constituency
District
Total Assets (Rs)
The financial year for which the last income tax return has been filed by winner
Total income shown by winner in ITR (Self+Spouse+Dependent) (Rs)
Self income shown by winner in ITR (Rs)
1
Vipul Goyal
BJP
Faridabad
Faridabad
1,06,63,42,612
106 Crore+
2012-2013
4,42,17,962
4 Crore+
2,27,24,431
2 Crore+
2
Chaudhary Abhay Singh Chautala
INLD
Ellenabad
Sirsa
43,13,01,267
43 Crore+
2013-2014
2,16,74,730
2 Crore+
2,16,34,800
2 Crore+
3
Capt. Abhimanyu Singh
BJP
Narnaund
Hisar
77,40,61,458
77 Crore+
2012-2013
2,05,20,331
2 Crore+
93,08,412
93 Lacs+
*Total income includes income of self, spouse and dependents
  • Winners who have not declared Income Tax Details*: 12 (13%) winners out of 90 have not declared income tax details.* Some winners may be exempted from filing Income Tax Returns

Inline image 5Inline image 6

Comparative Analysis of Assets of Re-elected Winners
  • Number of Re-elected winners: Number of re-elected winners analysed in the Haryana Assembly 2014 elections is 21
  • Average Assets of re-elected winners in 2009The average assets of re-elected winners in 2009 was Rs. 4 crores
  • Average Assets of re-elected winners in 2014: The average assets of re-elected winners in 2014 is Rs. 13.80 crores
  • Average growth in assets of re-elected winners from 2009 to 2014: The average assets growth of re-elected winners is Rs. 9.80 crores i.e. by 245%.
Inline image 7

Other Background Details
  • Education Details of Winners: winner has declared that he is illiterate29 (32%) winners have declared that have an education qualification of 12th pass or below (not including winner who has declared that he is illiterate) while 57 (63%) winners have declared having an educational qualification of graduate or above
Inline image 8
  • Age Details of Winners: 44 (49%) winners have declared their age to be between 25 to 50 years while 46 (51%) winners have declared their age to be between 51 to 80 years.
Inline image 9
  • Gender Details of Winners: Out of 90 winners analyed, 13 (14%) winners are women while 77 (86%) winners are men. In 2009, out of 88 winners analysed, 8 (9%) winners were women
​Regards,
Media and Journalist Helpline

+91 80103 94248
Email: adr@adrindia.org
Maj.Gen Anil Verma (Retd)
Head
National Election Watch,
Association for Democratic Reforms
011 4165 4200,
+91 88264 79910
adr@adrIndia.org,
anilverma@adrindia.org
Prof Jagdeep Chhokar
IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)
Founder Member,
National Election Watch, Association for Democratic
Reforms
+91 99996 20944
jchhokar@gmail.com
Prof Trilochan Sastry
IIM Bangalore
Founder Member,
National Election Watch,
Association for Democratic Reforms
+91 94483 53285
trilochans@iimb.ernet.in
--
Association for Democratic Reforms
T-95A, C.L. House, 1st Floor,
(Near Gulmohar Commercial Complex)
Gautam Nagar
New Delhi-110 049

M: +91 8010394248 
T: +91 11 41654200
F: 011 4609 4248